Elgg  Version 3.0
Translit.php
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1 <?php
2 
3 namespace Elgg;
4 
33 class Translit {
34 
42  public static function urlize($string, $separator = '-') {
43  // Iñtërnâtiônàlizætiøn, AND 日本語!
44 
45  // try to force combined chars because the translit map and others expect it
46  if (self::hasNormalizerSupport()) {
47  $nfc = normalizer_normalize($string);
48  if (is_string($nfc)) {
49  $string = $nfc;
50  }
51  }
52  // Internationalization, AND 日本語!
53  $string = self::transliterateAscii($string);
54 
55  // allow HTML tags in titles
56  $string = preg_replace('~<([a-zA-Z][^>]*)>~', ' $1 ', $string);
57 
58  // more substitutions
59  // @todo put these somewhere else
60  $string = strtr($string, [
61  // currency
62  "\xE2\x82\xAC" /* € */ => ' E ',
63  "\xC2\xA3" /* £ */ => ' GBP ',
64  ]);
65 
66  // remove all ASCII except 0-9a-zA-Z, hyphen, underscore, and whitespace
67  // note: "x" modifier did not work with this pattern.
68  $string = preg_replace('~['
69  . '\x00-\x08' // control chars
70  . '\x0b\x0c' // vert tab, form feed
71  . '\x0e-\x1f' // control chars
72  . '\x21-\x2c' // ! ... ,
73  . '\x2e\x2f' // . slash
74  . '\x3a-\x40' // : ... @
75  . '\x5b-\x5e' // [ ... ^
76  . '\x60' // `
77  . '\x7b-\x7f' // { ... DEL
78  . ']~', '', $string);
79  $string = strtr($string, '', '');
80 
81  // internationalization, and 日本語!
82  // note: not using elgg_strtolower to keep this class portable
83  $string = is_callable('mb_strtolower') ? mb_strtolower($string, 'UTF-8') : strtolower($string);
84 
85  // split by ASCII chars not in 0-9a-zA-Z
86  // note: we cannot use [^0-9a-zA-Z] because that matches multibyte chars.
87  // note: "x" modifier did not work with this pattern.
88  $pattern = '~['
89  . '\x00-\x2f' // controls ... slash
90  . '\x3a-\x40' // : ... @
91  . '\x5b-\x60' // [ ... `
92  . '\x7b-\x7f' // { ... DEL
93  . ']+~x';
94 
95  // ['internationalization', 'and', '日本語']
96  $words = preg_split($pattern, $string, -1, PREG_SPLIT_NO_EMPTY);
97 
98  // ['internationalization', 'and', '%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E8%AA%9E']
99  $words = array_map('urlencode', $words);
100 
101  // internationalization-and-%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E8%AA%9E
102  return implode($separator, $words);
103  }
104 
111  public static function transliterateAscii($utf8) {
112  static $map = null;
113  if (!preg_match('/[\x80-\xff]/', $utf8)) {
114  return $utf8;
115  }
116  if (null === $map) {
117  $map = self::getAsciiTranslitMap();
118  }
119  return strtr($utf8, $map);
120  }
121 
127  public static function getAsciiTranslitMap() {
128  return [
129  // Decompositions for Latin-1 Supplement
130  "\xC2\xAA" /* ª */ => 'a', "\xC2\xBA" /* º */ => 'o', "\xC3\x80" /* À */ => 'A',
131  "\xC3\x81" /* Á */ => 'A', "\xC3\x82" /* Â */ => 'A', "\xC3\x83" /* Ã */ => 'A',
132  "\xC3\x84" /* Ä */ => 'A', "\xC3\x85" /* Å */ => 'A', "\xC3\x86" /* Æ */ => 'AE',
133  "\xC3\x87" /* Ç */ => 'C', "\xC3\x88" /* È */ => 'E', "\xC3\x89" /* É */ => 'E',
134  "\xC3\x8A" /* Ê */ => 'E', "\xC3\x8B" /* Ë */ => 'E', "\xC3\x8C" /* Ì */ => 'I',
135  "\xC3\x8D" /* Í */ => 'I', "\xC3\x8E" /* Î */ => 'I', "\xC3\x8F" /* Ï */ => 'I',
136  "\xC3\x90" /* Ð */ => 'D', "\xC3\x91" /* Ñ */ => 'N', "\xC3\x92" /* Ò */ => 'O',
137  "\xC3\x93" /* Ó */ => 'O', "\xC3\x94" /* Ô */ => 'O', "\xC3\x95" /* Õ */ => 'O',
138  "\xC3\x96" /* Ö */ => 'O', "\xC3\x99" /* Ù */ => 'U', "\xC3\x9A" /* Ú */ => 'U',
139  "\xC3\x9B" /* Û */ => 'U', "\xC3\x9C" /* Ü */ => 'U', "\xC3\x9D" /* Ý */ => 'Y',
140  "\xC3\x9E" /* Þ */ => 'TH', "\xC3\x9F" /* ß */ => 'ss', "\xC3\xA0" /* à */ => 'a',
141  "\xC3\xA1" /* á */ => 'a', "\xC3\xA2" /* â */ => 'a', "\xC3\xA3" /* ã */ => 'a',
142  "\xC3\xA4" /* ä */ => 'a', "\xC3\xA5" /* å */ => 'a', "\xC3\xA6" /* æ */ => 'ae',
143  "\xC3\xA7" /* ç */ => 'c', "\xC3\xA8" /* è */ => 'e', "\xC3\xA9" /* é */ => 'e',
144  "\xC3\xAA" /* ê */ => 'e', "\xC3\xAB" /* ë */ => 'e', "\xC3\xAC" /* ì */ => 'i',
145  "\xC3\xAD" /* í */ => 'i', "\xC3\xAE" /* î */ => 'i', "\xC3\xAF" /* ï */ => 'i',
146  "\xC3\xB0" /* ð */ => 'd', "\xC3\xB1" /* ñ */ => 'n', "\xC3\xB2" /* ò */ => 'o',
147  "\xC3\xB3" /* ó */ => 'o', "\xC3\xB4" /* ô */ => 'o', "\xC3\xB5" /* õ */ => 'o',
148  "\xC3\xB6" /* ö */ => 'o', "\xC3\xB8" /* ø */ => 'o', "\xC3\xB9" /* ù */ => 'u',
149  "\xC3\xBA" /* ú */ => 'u', "\xC3\xBB" /* û */ => 'u', "\xC3\xBC" /* ü */ => 'u',
150  "\xC3\xBD" /* ý */ => 'y', "\xC3\xBE" /* þ */ => 'th', "\xC3\xBF" /* ÿ */ => 'y',
151  "\xC3\x98" /* Ø */ => 'O',
152  // Decompositions for Latin Extended-A
153  "\xC4\x80" /* Ā */ => 'A', "\xC4\x81" /* ā */ => 'a', "\xC4\x82" /* Ă */ => 'A',
154  "\xC4\x83" /* ă */ => 'a', "\xC4\x84" /* Ą */ => 'A', "\xC4\x85" /* ą */ => 'a',
155  "\xC4\x86" /* Ć */ => 'C', "\xC4\x87" /* ć */ => 'c', "\xC4\x88" /* Ĉ */ => 'C',
156  "\xC4\x89" /* ĉ */ => 'c', "\xC4\x8A" /* Ċ */ => 'C', "\xC4\x8B" /* ċ */ => 'c',
157  "\xC4\x8C" /* Č */ => 'C', "\xC4\x8D" /* č */ => 'c', "\xC4\x8E" /* Ď */ => 'D',
158  "\xC4\x8F" /* ď */ => 'd', "\xC4\x90" /* Đ */ => 'D', "\xC4\x91" /* đ */ => 'd',
159  "\xC4\x92" /* Ē */ => 'E', "\xC4\x93" /* ē */ => 'e', "\xC4\x94" /* Ĕ */ => 'E',
160  "\xC4\x95" /* ĕ */ => 'e', "\xC4\x96" /* Ė */ => 'E', "\xC4\x97" /* ė */ => 'e',
161  "\xC4\x98" /* Ę */ => 'E', "\xC4\x99" /* ę */ => 'e', "\xC4\x9A" /* Ě */ => 'E',
162  "\xC4\x9B" /* ě */ => 'e', "\xC4\x9C" /* Ĝ */ => 'G', "\xC4\x9D" /* ĝ */ => 'g',
163  "\xC4\x9E" /* Ğ */ => 'G', "\xC4\x9F" /* ğ */ => 'g', "\xC4\xA0" /* Ġ */ => 'G',
164  "\xC4\xA1" /* ġ */ => 'g', "\xC4\xA2" /* Ģ */ => 'G', "\xC4\xA3" /* ģ */ => 'g',
165  "\xC4\xA4" /* Ĥ */ => 'H', "\xC4\xA5" /* ĥ */ => 'h', "\xC4\xA6" /* Ħ */ => 'H',
166  "\xC4\xA7" /* ħ */ => 'h', "\xC4\xA8" /* Ĩ */ => 'I', "\xC4\xA9" /* ĩ */ => 'i',
167  "\xC4\xAA" /* Ī */ => 'I', "\xC4\xAB" /* ī */ => 'i', "\xC4\xAC" /* Ĭ */ => 'I',
168  "\xC4\xAD" /* ĭ */ => 'i', "\xC4\xAE" /* Į */ => 'I', "\xC4\xAF" /* į */ => 'i',
169  "\xC4\xB0" /* İ */ => 'I', "\xC4\xB1" /* ı */ => 'i', "\xC4\xB2" /* IJ */ => 'IJ',
170  "\xC4\xB3" /* ij */ => 'ij', "\xC4\xB4" /* Ĵ */ => 'J', "\xC4\xB5" /* ĵ */ => 'j',
171  "\xC4\xB6" /* Ķ */ => 'K', "\xC4\xB7" /* ķ */ => 'k', "\xC4\xB8" /* ĸ */ => 'k',
172  "\xC4\xB9" /* Ĺ */ => 'L', "\xC4\xBA" /* ĺ */ => 'l', "\xC4\xBB" /* Ļ */ => 'L',
173  "\xC4\xBC" /* ļ */ => 'l', "\xC4\xBD" /* Ľ */ => 'L', "\xC4\xBE" /* ľ */ => 'l',
174  "\xC4\xBF" /* Ŀ */ => 'L', "\xC5\x80" /* ŀ */ => 'l', "\xC5\x81" /* Ł */ => 'L',
175  "\xC5\x82" /* ł */ => 'l', "\xC5\x83" /* Ń */ => 'N', "\xC5\x84" /* ń */ => 'n',
176  "\xC5\x85" /* Ņ */ => 'N', "\xC5\x86" /* ņ */ => 'n', "\xC5\x87" /* Ň */ => 'N',
177  "\xC5\x88" /* ň */ => 'n', "\xC5\x89" /* ʼn */ => 'N', "\xC5\x8A" /* Ŋ */ => 'n',
178  "\xC5\x8B" /* ŋ */ => 'N', "\xC5\x8C" /* Ō */ => 'O', "\xC5\x8D" /* ō */ => 'o',
179  "\xC5\x8E" /* Ŏ */ => 'O', "\xC5\x8F" /* ŏ */ => 'o', "\xC5\x90" /* Ő */ => 'O',
180  "\xC5\x91" /* ő */ => 'o', "\xC5\x92" /* Œ */ => 'OE', "\xC5\x93" /* œ */ => 'oe',
181  "\xC5\x94" /* Ŕ */ => 'R', "\xC5\x95" /* ŕ */ => 'r', "\xC5\x96" /* Ŗ */ => 'R',
182  "\xC5\x97" /* ŗ */ => 'r', "\xC5\x98" /* Ř */ => 'R', "\xC5\x99" /* ř */ => 'r',
183  "\xC5\x9A" /* Ś */ => 'S', "\xC5\x9B" /* ś */ => 's', "\xC5\x9C" /* Ŝ */ => 'S',
184  "\xC5\x9D" /* ŝ */ => 's', "\xC5\x9E" /* Ş */ => 'S', "\xC5\x9F" /* ş */ => 's',
185  "\xC5\xA0" /* Š */ => 'S', "\xC5\xA1" /* š */ => 's', "\xC5\xA2" /* Ţ */ => 'T',
186  "\xC5\xA3" /* ţ */ => 't', "\xC5\xA4" /* Ť */ => 'T', "\xC5\xA5" /* ť */ => 't',
187  "\xC5\xA6" /* Ŧ */ => 'T', "\xC5\xA7" /* ŧ */ => 't', "\xC5\xA8" /* Ũ */ => 'U',
188  "\xC5\xA9" /* ũ */ => 'u', "\xC5\xAA" /* Ū */ => 'U', "\xC5\xAB" /* ū */ => 'u',
189  "\xC5\xAC" /* Ŭ */ => 'U', "\xC5\xAD" /* ŭ */ => 'u', "\xC5\xAE" /* Ů */ => 'U',
190  "\xC5\xAF" /* ů */ => 'u', "\xC5\xB0" /* Ű */ => 'U', "\xC5\xB1" /* ű */ => 'u',
191  "\xC5\xB2" /* Ų */ => 'U', "\xC5\xB3" /* ų */ => 'u', "\xC5\xB4" /* Ŵ */ => 'W',
192  "\xC5\xB5" /* ŵ */ => 'w', "\xC5\xB6" /* Ŷ */ => 'Y', "\xC5\xB7" /* ŷ */ => 'y',
193  "\xC5\xB8" /* Ÿ */ => 'Y', "\xC5\xB9" /* Ź */ => 'Z', "\xC5\xBA" /* ź */ => 'z',
194  "\xC5\xBB" /* Ż */ => 'Z', "\xC5\xBC" /* ż */ => 'z', "\xC5\xBD" /* Ž */ => 'Z',
195  "\xC5\xBE" /* ž */ => 'z', "\xC5\xBF" /* ſ */ => 's',
196  // Decompositions for Latin Extended-B
197  "\xC8\x98" /* Ș */ => 'S', "\xC8\x99" /* ș */ => 's',
198  "\xC8\x9A" /* Ț */ => 'T', "\xC8\x9B" /* ț */ => 't',
199  // unmarked
200  "\xC6\xA0" /* Ơ */ => 'O', "\xC6\xA1" /* ơ */ => 'o',
201  "\xC6\xAF" /* Ư */ => 'U', "\xC6\xB0" /* ư */ => 'u',
202  // grave accent
203  "\xE1\xBA\xA6" /* Ầ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xA7" /* ầ */ => 'a',
204  "\xE1\xBA\xB0" /* Ằ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xB1" /* ằ */ => 'a',
205  "\xE1\xBB\x80" /* Ề */ => 'E', "\xE1\xBB\x81" /* ề */ => 'e',
206  "\xE1\xBB\x92" /* Ồ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x93" /* ồ */ => 'o',
207  "\xE1\xBB\x9C" /* Ờ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x9D" /* ờ */ => 'o',
208  "\xE1\xBB\xAA" /* Ừ */ => 'U', "\xE1\xBB\xAB" /* ừ */ => 'u',
209  "\xE1\xBB\xB2" /* Ỳ */ => 'Y', "\xE1\xBB\xB3" /* ỳ */ => 'y',
210  // hook
211  "\xE1\xBA\xA2" /* Ả */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xA3" /* ả */ => 'a',
212  "\xE1\xBA\xA8" /* Ẩ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xA9" /* ẩ */ => 'a',
213  "\xE1\xBA\xB2" /* Ẳ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xB3" /* ẳ */ => 'a',
214  "\xE1\xBA\xBA" /* Ẻ */ => 'E', "\xE1\xBA\xBB" /* ẻ */ => 'e',
215  "\xE1\xBB\x82" /* Ể */ => 'E', "\xE1\xBB\x83" /* ể */ => 'e',
216  "\xE1\xBB\x88" /* Ỉ */ => 'I', "\xE1\xBB\x89" /* ỉ */ => 'i',
217  "\xE1\xBB\x8E" /* Ỏ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x8F" /* ỏ */ => 'o',
218  "\xE1\xBB\x94" /* Ổ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x95" /* ổ */ => 'o',
219  "\xE1\xBB\x9E" /* Ở */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x9F" /* ở */ => 'o',
220  "\xE1\xBB\xA6" /* Ủ */ => 'U', "\xE1\xBB\xA7" /* ủ */ => 'u',
221  "\xE1\xBB\xAC" /* Ử */ => 'U', "\xE1\xBB\xAD" /* ử */ => 'u',
222  "\xE1\xBB\xB6" /* Ỷ */ => 'Y', "\xE1\xBB\xB7" /* ỷ */ => 'y',
223  // tilde
224  "\xE1\xBA\xAA" /* Ẫ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xAB" /* ẫ */ => 'a',
225  "\xE1\xBA\xB4" /* Ẵ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xB5" /* ẵ */ => 'a',
226  "\xE1\xBA\xBC" /* Ẽ */ => 'E', "\xE1\xBA\xBD" /* ẽ */ => 'e',
227  "\xE1\xBB\x84" /* Ễ */ => 'E', "\xE1\xBB\x85" /* ễ */ => 'e',
228  "\xE1\xBB\x96" /* Ỗ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x97" /* ỗ */ => 'o',
229  "\xE1\xBB\xA0" /* Ỡ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\xA1" /* ỡ */ => 'o',
230  "\xE1\xBB\xAE" /* Ữ */ => 'U', "\xE1\xBB\xAF" /* ữ */ => 'u',
231  "\xE1\xBB\xB8" /* Ỹ */ => 'Y', "\xE1\xBB\xB9" /* ỹ */ => 'y',
232  // acute accent
233  "\xE1\xBA\xA4" /* Ấ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xA5" /* ấ */ => 'a',
234  "\xE1\xBA\xAE" /* Ắ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xAF" /* ắ */ => 'a',
235  "\xE1\xBA\xBE" /* Ế */ => 'E', "\xE1\xBA\xBF" /* ế */ => 'e',
236  "\xE1\xBB\x90" /* Ố */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x91" /* ố */ => 'o',
237  "\xE1\xBB\x9A" /* Ớ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x9B" /* ớ */ => 'o',
238  "\xE1\xBB\xA8" /* Ứ */ => 'U', "\xE1\xBB\xA9" /* ứ */ => 'u',
239  // dot below
240  "\xE1\xBA\xA0" /* Ạ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xA1" /* ạ */ => 'a',
241  "\xE1\xBA\xAC" /* Ậ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xAD" /* ậ */ => 'a',
242  "\xE1\xBA\xB6" /* Ặ */ => 'A', "\xE1\xBA\xB7" /* ặ */ => 'a',
243  "\xE1\xBA\xB8" /* Ẹ */ => 'E', "\xE1\xBA\xB9" /* ẹ */ => 'e',
244  "\xE1\xBB\x86" /* Ệ */ => 'E', "\xE1\xBB\x87" /* ệ */ => 'e',
245  "\xE1\xBB\x8A" /* Ị */ => 'I', "\xE1\xBB\x8B" /* ị */ => 'i',
246  "\xE1\xBB\x8C" /* Ọ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x8D" /* ọ */ => 'o',
247  "\xE1\xBB\x98" /* Ộ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\x99" /* ộ */ => 'o',
248  "\xE1\xBB\xA2" /* Ợ */ => 'O', "\xE1\xBB\xA3" /* ợ */ => 'o',
249  "\xE1\xBB\xA4" /* Ụ */ => 'U', "\xE1\xBB\xA5" /* ụ */ => 'u',
250  "\xE1\xBB\xB0" /* Ự */ => 'U', "\xE1\xBB\xB1" /* ự */ => 'u',
251  "\xE1\xBB\xB4" /* Ỵ */ => 'Y', "\xE1\xBB\xB5" /* ỵ */ => 'y',
252  ];
253  }
254 
260  public static function hasNormalizerSupport() {
261  static $ret = null;
262  if (null === $ret) {
263  $form_c = "\xC3\x85"; // 'LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE' (U+00C5)
264  $form_d = "A\xCC\x8A"; // A followed by 'COMBINING RING ABOVE' (U+030A)
265  $ret = (function_exists('normalizer_normalize')
266  && $form_c === normalizer_normalize($form_d));
267  }
268  return $ret;
269  }
270 }
static transliterateAscii($utf8)
Transliterate Western multibyte chars to ASCII.
Definition: Translit.php:111
static hasNormalizerSupport()
Tests that "normalizer_normalize" exists and works.
Definition: Translit.php:260
Configuration exception.
static urlize($string, $separator= '-')
Create a version of a string for embedding in a URL.
Definition: Translit.php:42
$separator
Definition: tags.php:56
static getAsciiTranslitMap()
Get array of UTF-8 (NFC) character replacements.
Definition: Translit.php:127